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Date: Wednesday, July 20, 2016
When Apollo 11 took us to Moon
Forty-seven years ago today, humans for the first time managed to step on their nearest celestial body and the Earth’s sole natural satellite, Moon, a landmark achievement in the heydays of the Space Race, which came over a decade after the first man-made object orbited our cosmic home and more than two decades after we took the first-ever photo from our Earth.
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Forty-seven years ago today, humans for the first time managed to step on their nearest celestial body and the Earth’s sole natural satellite, Moon, a landmark achievement in the heydays of the Space Race, which came over a decade after the first man-made object orbited our cosmic home and more than two decades after we took the first-ever photo from our Earth.

On July 20, the NASA’s Apollo 11 became the first manned-spaceflight ever landed humans on the Moon. Some six hours later, on July 20, 1969, the American astronaut Neil Armstrong stepped on the lunar surface from the Apollo Lunar Module (LM) and uttered “That's one small step for a man, one giant leap for mankind,” what would become one of the history's most celebrated one-liners.

Buzz Aldrin joined Armstrong some 20 minutes later and together they spent over two hours there, taking some photos and collecting 21.5 kilograms (47.5 pounds) of lunar material as their invaluable souvenir from the alien world, while the third astronaut, Michael Collins, was busy piloting the Command Module Columbia alone in lunar orbit.

The Apollo 11 Lunar Module (LM) is seen in orbit above the Moon. The Earth is visible in the far distance.

They had been sent to space by a Saturn V rocket from Kennedy Space Center in Merritt Island, Florida, on July 16. Apollo 11 was then the fifth manned mission of NASA's Apollo program.

The two, inside the LM, rendezvoused with Collins on Columbia the same day they explored the lunar surface and returned to the Earth. Their successful mission was followed by six similar ones, all by NASA, between 1969 and 1972.

Neil Armstrong is seen stepping down from the nine-rung ladder of the Apollo 11 Lunar Module (LM) on July 21, 1969. The picture was taken by a remotely-controlled camera.

Russians won the first stages of the space exploration when they sent Sputnik, the first artificial Earth satellite, into an elliptical low Earth orbit on October 4, 1957, another landmark achievement, but lost the game when their biggest rival, the United States, launched the first manned mission to the Moon.

On October 24, 1946, a year after the deadly war machine of the Nazi Germany stopped breathing fire, a number of American soldiers and scientists mounted a 35-millimeter motion picture camera on a V-2 rocket, taken out from Germany’s arsenal, and launched the rocket somewhere in the New Mexico desert.

The photo above, grabbed form video footage, shows the Earth, shot by a camera mounted on a V-2 rocket in an altitude of 105 kilometers (65 miles), on October 24, 1946.

The rocket dashed up violently and reached a suborbital altitude of 105 kilometers (65 miles), where it recorded the first-ever scenes of the Earth and its curvature. The V-2 rocket, without its usual explosive head, crashed on the Earth but the landmark footage survived.

 

Keywords
Apollo
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NASA
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Moon
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